Office: Maryland Hall, Room 442
Chair: Thomas Ward, Professor
Professors: Ursula E. Beitter; Diane Chaffee-Sorace; André P. Colombat; Leslie Zarker Morgan; Thomas Ward
Associate Professors: Randall P. Donaldson; Ramón E. Espejo-Saavedra; Ana Gómez-Pérez; Margaret Austin Haggstrom; P. Andrew McCormick (emeritus); Marie G. Murphy
Assistant Professors: Nicole Garcia; Matthew Harper; Yolopattli Hernández-Torres; Margarita Jácome; Tasha Lewis; Andrea Thomas; Jinghua Wangling
Instructors: Melinda Frisch; David E. Hughes; Catherine Meisel-Valdez; Maja Milicevic; Betty Mitchell; Cristóbal Pacheco; Giuliana Risso Robberto; Catherine Savell; Claire Storey
Affiliate Faculty: Pingsheng Cai; Paul Oorts; Ursula C. Sayers-Ward; Eston J. Teter; Nan Zhao
Faculty in the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures teach courses in Arabic, Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese and Spanish. Ancient Greek and Latin are taught in the Department of Classics.
Core Language Requirement: All Loyola students are required to fulfill the core language requirement, either in a modern or a classical language. The sole exception to the core language requirement applies to native speakers. Native speakers are students who have completed their high school education in a language other than English. Placement is at the 300-level for native speakers who want to continue taking courses in their native language. All other students must fulfill the language requirement. In modern languages (Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, and Spanish), the core language requirement may be fulfilled in the following ways: by completing the second semester at the intermediate level (CI104, FR104, FR162, GR104, IT104, IT162, JP104, or SN104); by completing a one-semester foreign literature course taught in the foreign language; or by placing into and completing a 200-level language course. Pre-core courses (101/102/103/161) taken by students with inadequate preparation in the language or wishing to begin an additional language will fulfill part of the electives requirement.
Placement Tests in Modern Languages: The Department of Modern Languages and Literatures does not allow "self-placement," and students must take their language core course at the level into which they place. Placement tests are available online in Chinese, French, German, Italian, and Spanish. No credit is awarded through these tests. The department encourages entering students to consider taking the advanced placement exam, if available, because a high score on that exam offers the possibility of both advanced placement and credit. Please note that these guidelines pertain exclusively to initial placement into language courses. Students considering a Major or Minor in French, German, Spanish, or Comparative Cultures and Literary Studies (CCLS) should read further for the courses required for a specific major or minor.
Normally, students will complete the core language requirement by the end of the sophomore year at Loyola. As is the case for all transfer courses, students seeking to fulfill the core language requirement at other accredited institutions must obtain prior permission through the Academic Advising and Support Center. Only courses at accredited institutions will be accepted.
Some upper-division literature courses (those with the ML prefix) are conducted in English and offered to students of all disciplines. In these courses, readings can be done in English or in the language. Non-majors sufficiently proficient to follow lectures in the language are welcome in all courses. These students may do readings and papers in English.
A certificate of oral proficiency is available to all qualified students through the American Council for the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL). A fee is charged. Language majors interested in a career in business can prepare themselves within the regular Bachelor of Arts program by taking a minor in the Sellinger School of Business and Management. Loyola University Maryland is a testing center for the "Certificat de français professionnel" given by the Paris Chamber of Commerce and Industry. The Spanish section tests for the "Certificado del Espanol de los Negocios," offered by the Madrid Chamber of Commerce and the University of Alcalá.
A service-learning experience is available to students enrolled in some courses numbered 104 and above. The experience affords students the opportunity to increase their oral proficiency while assisting members of the Baltimore community.
The department's learning aims are based on "The Five Cs of Foreign Language Education": Communication, Cultures, Connections, Comparisons and Communities created by the American Council on the Teaching of Foreign Languages (ACTFL). These goal areas, which were developed to reflect the wide variety of purposes for and uses in modern languages, are interconnected in many respects; however, for purposes of clarity, the department interprets these standards below from the perspective of Loyola's undergraduate educational aims.
Communication: Courses are conducted in the target language. Students engage in conversations, as well as discuss content. Students learn to listen, speak, and produce written work on a variety of topics and readings in the language studied.
Cultures: Culture is a spectrum of textual production and discursive practices. It includes nonliterary contexts such as political, social, and cultural institutions. One of the most important ways students learn about culture, however, is through the study of texts: literature, film, and other cultural documents. Students become sensitized to cross-cultural differences.
Connections: Students acquire the ability to make connections between their use of the modern language and the implications that this knowledge has in relation to other disciplines. This includes linguistic intricacies and the cultural practices associated with the modern language studied, as well as an understanding of its role in faith and social justice issues, with a global perspective to connect intellectually to the sociohistorical context of the countries in which the language or languages they study are spoken and to analyze multiple perspectives in a meaningful way. They use these perspectives to recognize distinctive viewpoints that are only available through the study of modern languages and cultures.
Comparisons: Through second language acquisition, students gain a broader linguistic perspective and develop a more profound understanding of the nature of language through actively identifying and seeking comparisons of the language studied and its variants and their own native language, including the ability to analyze and appreciate not only the contributions and practices of their own culture, but also that of other societies and populations, and to compare and contrast aspects of various cultural manifestations, institutions, and ideals.
Communities: Because languages are living manifestations of the human experience, students use these languages beyond the school setting, participating in community service in language-specific populations, they also travel to and study in countries where the language they have learned is spoken and live with families in those countries. They begin with university- and department-sponsored events, such as lectures, films, excursions, and other community-building events. Students show evidence of becoming lifelong learners by pursuing and promoting an appreciation of the language and cultures they have studied, acting as ambassadors of intercultural awareness and appreciation to their campus and to the greater community, recognizing the dynamic interdependence between self and others through their study of transglobal realities.
Requirements for a major and an example of a typical program of courses are as follows:
* Required for major.
** Majors need a minimum of three 200-level courses and six 300-level courses.
Majors and minors should take Composition and Conversation (FR201/GR201/SN201) in the freshman or sophomore year. First-year students can take the 201 course (or above) in the appropriate language if they have achieved a satisfactory score on the Language Placement Test. Majors should consult the department chair about the effect of the placement test score on an individual's academic program.
For interdisciplinary majors (split majors) involving a modern language, a minor in the modern language is required.
Interdisciplinary (ML) courses are taught in English. They are open to nonmajors but do fulfill departmental major and minor elective requirements.
French majors should take FR201 and FR216. A third 200-level course is permitted. French majors should take a minimum of six courses at the 300-level, at least two of which are culture courses (FR301-310) and at least two of which are literature courses (FR330 or above).
German majors should take GR201 and two additional 200-level courses. German majors should take a minimum of six courses at the 300-level, at least two of which are culture courses (GR301-309). Within the classic German major, students can select an area studies concentration. Requirements are five 200-level courses; any three courses from GR301-309; one ML course (any level); and three 300-level courses, of which no more than two can be chosen from among relevant courses in other departments (written approval of a German Area Studies Steering Committee member required).
Spanish majors must take SN201 and either SN203 or SN217. Spanish majors should take a minimum of six courses at the 300-level, at least two of which are culture courses (SN301-310) and four of which are literature and linguistics courses (SN320 or above).
Minors are available in French, German, and Spanish. Students can achieve the equivalent of a Minor in Chinese by combining departmental offerings with courses taken in a cooperative program at area colleges (completion of a minor equivalency is not recorded on the Loyola transcript). Minors are required to take six upper-division courses in the appropriate language area beyond the intermediate level, preferably two 200-level courses and four 300-level courses. One departmental elective given in English (an ML course) may be included among the six courses.
Students who minor in the Department of Modern Languages and Literatures and study abroad must take half of their course requirements for the minor at Loyola. Upon their return from study abroad, all students with a Minor in French, German, or Spanish must take one 300-level course in the language of their major at Loyola.
In Spanish, two or three 200-level courses and three or four 300-level courses are required. Minors studying abroad must take at least one SN300-level course after they return to Loyola. Minors must take SN201 and SN203 or SN217, two culture courses (SN301-310), and two literature or linguistics courses (SN320 or above). An ML course (any level) may be substituted for one of the SN300-level courses.
In French, minors studying abroad during the academic year must take at least one FR300-level course after they return to Loyola. All minors are required to take one or more 300-level literature courses.
Within the German minor, students can select an area studies concentration. Requirements are three 200-level courses; one ML course (any level); and two 300-level courses, one of which can be chosen from among relevant courses in other departments (written approval of a German Area Studies Steering Committee member required).
Besides the traditional Minor in French, German or Spanish, students may elect to apply some approved departmental courses to an interdisciplinary Minor in Asian Studies, Gender Studies, Italian Studies, Latin American and Latino Studies, or Medieval Studies.
The CCLS major is an interdisciplinary program which includes a strong foreign language emphasis. The major adopts a global perspective and establishes broader connections and contrasts across nations, cultures, languages, and ethnic groups. The comparative focus of the major benefits not only CCLS majors and minors, but all students interested in the world heritage of which we are part. The CCLS major also encourages acquisition of a second or third foreign language, chosen from course offerings in Chinese, French, German, Italian, Japanese, or Spanish. Because of its broad humanistic base and strong interdisciplinary focus, this major is in conformity with the objectives of the University to prepare students "to learn, lead, and serve in a diverse and changing world."
CCLS majors specialize in the comparative study of diverse cultures and literatures and acquire advanced-level reading and communication skills in at least one foreign language. The expected learning outcomes for CCLS majors are a high degree of multicultural awareness; acquisition of strong communication and reading skills in at least one foreign language; and the development and acquisition of strong critical and analytical skills through the process of comparison. To ensure achievement of these goals, student assessment is conducted through examinations, reports, papers, and special projects. As a capstone experience, seniors take one of the CCLS core courses and write a senior project paper in that course. The course instructor and the CCLS Steering Committee critiques and grades the paper to ensure proper coherence with the individual studentís program.
All CCLS students must plan their program in consultation with the CCLS director. Students are encouraged to participate in a study abroad program. Usually, four courses for the major and two for the minor may be taken abroad. Students also are encouraged to minor in another modern or classical language or in another discipline to complement the CCLS major. CCLS students may double count only two courses from another major or minor as part of their CCLS major.
The 12 courses required for the major are as follows:
The capstone paper is written in the senior year in a Modern Languages CCLS course. Seniors research and write a paper integrating the course topic into the specific orientation chosen for their comparative studies. The course instructor, CCLS director, and CCLS Steering Committee monitor, advise, critique, and grade the paper. Completion of the paper is necessary for graduation with a CCLS major.
The six courses required for the minor are as follows:
Students with a CCLS minor may count only one course from their major or another minor for the CCLS minor. All courses must be approved by the CCLS advisor in consultation with the CCLS Steering Committee.